Mapping out the solid waste generation and collection models: The case of Kampala City


Joel R. Kinobe, Charles B. Niwagaba, Girma Gebresenbet, Allan J. Komakech & Björn Vinnerås

Keywords: Solid Waste, Waste Collection, GIS Mapping, Developing Countries, Kampala City
Issue Date: 21 Jan 2015
Abstract: This paper presents a mapping of the waste collection systems in Kampala city, using geographical information system (GIS) ArcGIS mapping software. It discusses the existing models of waste collection to the final disposal destinations. It was found that food and yard wastes constitute 92.7% of the waste generated in Kampala. Recyclables and other special wastes constitute only 7.3% of the total waste, mainly because of the increased level of reuse and recycling activities. The generation rate of solid wastes was on average, 582, 169, 105, and 90 tons/day from poor areas, upscale wealthier areas, business centers, and market areas respectively. This tonnage of waste was collected, transported, and disposed of at the city landfill. The study found that in total, residential areas of poor people generate more waste than other categories stated earlier, mainly because of their large populations. In total, there were 133 unofficial temporary storage sites acknowledged by Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) but not formally designated, 59 illegal dump sites, and 35 officially recognized temporary waste storage locations. This paper presents large-scale data that can help with understanding the collection models and their influence on solid waste management in Kampala city, which could be used for similar cities in developing countries.

Implications: The rapid urban population growth in Kampala City has increased the generation of waste, making it impossible for the municipal authority to manage the waste effectively due to limited financial resources. All this, coupled with the declining landfill capacities and rising real costs of disposal, has attracted the attention of the growing population, yet the health and sustainability of the environment have to be guaranteed.

Published in: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association


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Mapping out the solid waste generation and collection models: The case of Kampala City